• You are here:
  • Home /
  • Help /
  • Obtaining data /
  • DOIs and citing data
  • DOIs and citing data

    Data are a vital part of the scientific research process and proper citation of data should be a significant feature of research publications. Any publication or service (printed, electronic or broadcast) that is based wholly or in part on data provided by EIDC must be accompanied by the correct citation and acknowledgement information.

    Data citation is the practice of providing a reference to data in the same way as researchers have always routinely provided references to printed resources such as articles and books. Data citation helps further research by supporting the recognition of data as a primary research output rather than merely a by-product of research.

    How to cite data provided by the EIDC

    Details of the citation and acknowledgement that should be used for our data are set out in the "Get the data" section on the metadata page for each dataset.

    We recommend you use the following format for your citations:

    Creator (PublicationYear): Title. Publisher. Identifier

    For example

    Kral, F.; Fry, M.; Dixon, H. (2015). Integrated Hydrological Units of the United Kingdom: Sections. NERC-Environmental Information Data Centre. http://doi.org/10.5285/a6e37e39-9e10-4647-a110-12d902403095

    Different journals and publications may require different citation styles. If you need the citation in a specific style, the CrossRef DOI Citation Formatter service will help.

    Benefits of data citation

    By citing data, you give the data creators the acknowledgement they deserve and you help other researchers to more easily identify and locate the data.  Data citation will:

    • Facilitate discovery of links between data and publications, making it easier to build upon previous work
    • Ensure proper credit is given for use of the data
    • Make it possible to estimate dataset impact based on the number of citations
    • Help to links datasets to related journal articles

    Evidence[1] suggests that including citable data in publications increases their citation rate.

    What is a DOI?

    Datasets published by the EIDC are assigned a DOI (Digital Object Identifier).  A DOI is a permanent, globally unique identifier which unambiguously identifies the data resource and so assists with citation.

    A DOI consists of a string of characters divided into two parts, a prefix and a suffix, separated by a slash.

    structure of a doi

    The prefix identifies the registrant (10.5285 is the prefix for NERC) and the suffix is a unique string identifying a specific dataset.

    You can "resolve" a DOI by appending it to https://doi.org/. For example, to resolve 10.5285/a6e37e39-9e10-4647-a110-12d902403095, enter https://doi.org/10.5285/a6e37e39-9e10-4647-a110-12d902403095 in a web browser.

    Reference management software

    You can import EIDC citations into most popular reference management software (for example EndNote or Zotero). Simply click on the 'RIS' or 'BibTeX' icons to download the citation in that format and import the file into the management software.

    Further information

    Data Citation Synthesis Group: Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles. Martone M. (ed.) San Diego CA: FORCE11; 2014 https://doi.org/10.25490/a97f-egyk


    [1] Piwowar HA, Day RS, Fridsma DB (2007) Sharing Detailed Research Data Is Associated with Increased Citation Rate. PLoS ONE 2(3): e308. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000308